在Docker文件中安装pandas[英] Install pandas in a Dockerfile

本文是小编为大家收集整理的关于在Docker文件中安装pandas的处理方法,想解了在Docker文件中安装pandas的问题怎么解决?在Docker文件中安装pandas问题的解决办法?那么可以参考本文帮助大家快速定位并解决问题。

问题描述

我正在尝试创建一个docker映像. Dockerfile如下:

# Use the official Python 3.6.5 image
FROM python:3.6.5-alpine3.7

# Set the working directory to /app
WORKDIR /app

# Get the 
COPY requirements.txt /app
RUN pip3 install --no-cache-dir -r requirements.txt

# Configuring access to Jupyter
RUN mkdir /notebooks
RUN jupyter notebook --no-browser --ip 0.0.0.0 --port 8888 /notebooks

unignts.txt文件是:

jupyter
numpy==1.14.3
pandas==0.23.0rc2
scipy==1.0.1
scikit-learn==0.19.1
pillow==5.1.1
matplotlib==2.2.2
seaborn==0.8.1

运行命令docker build -t standard .在Docker IT尝试安装PANDA时会给我一个错误. 错误如下:

Collecting pandas==0.23.0rc2 (from -r requirements.txt (line 3))
  Downloading https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/46/5c/a883712dad8484ef907a2f42992b122acf2bcecbb5c2aa751d1033908502/pandas-0.23.0rc2.tar.gz (12.5MB)
    Complete output from command python setup.py egg_info:
    /bin/sh: svnversion: not found
    /bin/sh: svnversion: not found
    non-existing path in 'numpy/distutils': 'site.cfg'
    Could not locate executable gfortran
    ... (loads of other stuff)
    Command "python setup.py egg_info" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-install-xb6f6a5o/pandas/
The command '/bin/sh -c pip3 install --no-cache-dir -r requirements.txt' returned a non-zero code: 1

当我尝试安装较低版本的pandas == 0.22.0时,我会得到此错误:

Step 5/7 : RUN pip3 install --no-cache-dir -r requirements.txt
 ---> Running in 5810ea896689
Collecting jupyter (from -r requirements.txt (line 1))
  Downloading https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/83/df/0f5dd132200728a86190397e1ea87cd76244e42d39ec5e88efd25b2abd7e/jupyter-1.0.0-py2.py3-none-any.whl
Collecting numpy==1.14.3 (from -r requirements.txt (line 2))
  Downloading https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/b0/2b/497c2bb7c660b2606d4a96e2035e92554429e139c6c71cdff67af66b58d2/numpy-1.14.3.zip (4.9MB)
Collecting pandas==0.22.0 (from -r requirements.txt (line 3))
  Downloading https://files.pythonhosted.org/packages/08/01/803834bc8a4e708aedebb133095a88a4dad9f45bbaf5ad777d2bea543c7e/pandas-0.22.0.tar.gz (11.3MB)
  Could not find a version that satisfies the requirement Cython (from versions: )
No matching distribution found for Cython
The command '/bin/sh -c pip3 install --no-cache-dir -r requirements.txt' returned a non-zero code: 1

我还尝试在熊猫之前安装cyphon和setuptools,但在pip3安装熊猫线时给出了相同的No matching distribution found for Cython错误.

我该如何安装大熊猫.

推荐答案

我现在可以创建Docker映像. FROM python:3.6.5-alpine3.7和pandas之间一定有一些版本不兼容. 我将Python版本更改为FROM python:3,然后工作正常(还必须将pillow版本降级为5.1.0).

其他推荐答案

我意识到这个问题已经得到回答,但是最近我与dockerized项目的numpy和pandas依赖关系遇到了类似的问题.话虽如此,我希望这将来对某人有利.

我的解决方案:

aviv sela ,Alpine不包含默认情况下的构建工具,需要添加虽然是Dockerfile.因此,请参见下面的Dockerfile,并在容器上成功安装了Numpy和Pandas所需的构建软件包.

FROM python:3.6-alpine3.7

RUN apk add --no-cache --update \
    python3 python3-dev gcc \
    gfortran musl-dev g++ \
    libffi-dev openssl-dev \
    libxml2 libxml2-dev \
    libxslt libxslt-dev \
    libjpeg-turbo-dev zlib-dev

RUN pip install --upgrade pip

ADD requirements.txt .
RUN pip install -r requirements.txt

要求.txt

numpy==1.17.1
pandas==0.25.1

编辑:

在升级PIP运行命令之前,将以下(下面的代码段)添加到Dockerfile.如 bishwas mishra> bishwas mishra 在评论中.

RUN pip install --upgrade cython

其他推荐答案

Alpine默认不包含构建工具.安装构建工具并为语言环境创建符号链接:

$ apk add --update curl gcc g++
$ ln -s /usr/include/locale.h /usr/include/xlocale.h
$ pip install numpy

基于 https://wired-world.com/?p=100 /p>

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