获得异常:在Phalcon的依赖注入容器中没有找到服务'db'。[英] getting exception : Service 'db' wasn't found in the dependency injection container in Phalcon

问题描述

即使在 services.php 中设置"db"后,我也遇到了异常.

services.php

$di->set('db', function() use ($config) {
    $dbclass= 'Phalcon\Db\Adapter\Pdo\\' . $config->database->adapter;
    return new $dbclass(array(
        "host"     => $config->database->host,
        "username" => $config->database->username,
        "password" => $config->database->password,
        "dbname"   => $config->database->name
    ));
});

我正在尝试像这样从我的表中获取用户,

$user = Users::findFirst(1); 

那个时候,是给的

    Service 'db' wasn't found in the dependency injection container in Phalcon

::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::Update:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

这里我正在加载我的 services.php 文件.

public/index.php

error_reporting(E_ALL);

use Phalcon\Mvc\Application;
use Phalcon\Config\Adapter\Ini as ConfigIni;

try {

    define('APP_PATH', realpath('..') . '/');

    /**
     * Read the configuration
     */
    $config = new ConfigIni(APP_PATH . 'app/config/config.ini');

    require APP_PATH . 'app/config/loader.php';

    require APP_PATH . 'app/config/services.php';

    $application = new Application($di);

    echo $application->handle()->getContent();

} catch (Exception $e){
    echo $e->getMessage();
}

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++ 更新2 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

loader.php

    $loader = new \Phalcon\Loader();

    /**
     * We're a registering a set of directories taken from the configuration file
     */
    $loader->registerDirs(
        array(
            APP_PATH . $config->application->controllersDir,
            APP_PATH . $config->application->pluginsDir,
            APP_PATH . $config->application->libraryDir,
            APP_PATH . $config->application->modelsDir,
            APP_PATH . $config->application->formsDir,
        )
    )->register();

services.php

    use Phalcon\Mvc\View;
    use Phalcon\DI\FactoryDefault;
    use Phalcon\Mvc\Dispatcher;
    use Phalcon\Mvc\Url as UrlProvider;
    use Phalcon\Mvc\View\Engine\Volt as VoltEngine;
    use Phalcon\Mvc\Model\Metadata\Memory as MetaData;
    use Phalcon\Session\Adapter\Files as SessionAdapter;
    use Phalcon\Flash\Session as FlashSession;
    use Phalcon\Events\Manager as EventsManager;

    /**
     * The FactoryDefault Dependency Injector automatically register the right services providing a full stack framework
     */
    $di = new FactoryDefault();

    /**
     * We register the events manager
     */

    $di->set('dispatcher', function() use ($di) {
        $dispatcher = new Phalcon\Mvc\Dispatcher();
        return $dispatcher;
    });

    /**
     * The URL component is used to generate all kind of urls in the application
     */
    $di->set('url', function() use ($config){
        $url = new UrlProvider();
        $url->setBaseUri($config->application->baseUri);
        return $url;
    });


    $di->set('view', function() use ($config) {

        $view = new View();

        $view->setViewsDir(APP_PATH . $config->application->viewsDir);

        $view->registerEngines(array(
            ".volt" => 'volt'
        ));

        return $view;
    });

    /**
     * Setting up volt
     */
    $di->set('volt', function($view, $di) {

        $volt = new VoltEngine($view, $di);

        $volt->setOptions(array(
            "compiledPath" => APP_PATH . "cache/volt/"
        ));

        $compiler = $volt->getCompiler();
        $compiler->addFunction('is_a', 'is_a');

        return $volt;
    }, true);

    /**
     * Database connection is created based in the parameters defined in the configuration file
     */
    $di->set('db', function() use ($config) {
        $dbclass= 'Phalcon\Db\Adapter\Pdo\\' . $config->database->adapter;
        return new $dbclass(array(
            "host"     => $config->database->host,
            "username" => $config->database->username,
            "password" => $config->database->password,
            "dbname"   => $config->database->name
        ));
    });

    /**
     * If the configuration specify the use of metadata adapter use it or use memory otherwise
     */
    $di->set('modelsMetadata', function() {
        return new MetaData();
    });

    /**
     * Start the session the first time some component request the session service
     */
    $di->set('session', function() {
        $session = new SessionAdapter();
        $session->start();
        return $session;
    });

    /**
     * Register the flash service with custom CSS classes
     */
    $di->set('flash', function(){
        return new FlashSession(array(
            'error'   => 'alert alert-danger',
            'success' => 'alert alert-success',
            'notice'  => 'alert alert-info',
        ));
    });

    /**
     * Register a user component
     */
    $di->set('elements', function(){
        return new Elements();
    });

推荐答案

我之前遇到过这个问题,解决方法如下:
我有两个实例:
$di = new FactoryDefault();
我的 index.php 中有一个,services.php 文件中有一个.
我删除了我的 index.php 文件中的那个,它消除了错误.

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