如何通过Selenium Java初始化PhantomJS浏览器[英] How to initialize PhantomJS browser through Selenium Java

问题描述

我正在尝试使用 Java 中的 phantomjsdriver 来构建 Webspider.我正在使用 Selenium 版本 3.11.0、PhantomJS 2.1.1 和 phantomjsdriver 版本 1.2.1.当我执行我的代码时,我收到以下错误消息.

线程"main"中的异常 java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: org.openqa.selenium.os.CommandLine.find(Ljava/lang/String;)Ljava/lang/String;

package Masterarbeit.Crawler;
import java.io.File;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.phantomjs.PhantomJSDriver;

public class Test {

    public String Test(){
        File path=new File("/usr/local/bin/phantomjs");
        System.setProperty("phantomjs.binary.path",path.getAbsolutePath());
        WebDriver driver = new PhantomJSDriver(); 
        return "successful";

    }
}

我的操作系统是 Linux Mint 18 Sarah,有人知道原因吗?

推荐答案

几天前 PhantomJSDriver 与 selenium-server-standalone-vvvjar 一起发布所以我们能够从 selenium-server-standalone-xyzjar

中通过 import org.openqa.selenium.phantomjs.PhantomJSDriver; 解析方法 PhantomJSDriver()

但现在,selenium-server-standalone-v.v.v.jar 不会为 PhantomJSDriver 依赖项捆绑 jar.因此,您必须从 (com.codeborne:phantomjsdriver:jar:1.4.4) 获取似乎与最新的 selenium 版本保持同步的 phantomjsdriver 版本.

下载 phantomjsdriver-1.4.4.jar 并将其添加到您的项目.

使用以下代码块并执行您的 @Test :

import java.io.File;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.phantomjs.PhantomJSDriver;

public class phantomJS_launch {

    public static void main(String[] args) {


          File path=new File("C:\\Utility\\phantomjs-2.1.1-windows\\bin\\phantomjs.exe");
          System.setProperty("phantomjs.binary.path",path.getAbsolutePath());
          WebDriver driver= new PhantomJSDriver();
          driver.get("https://www.google.co.in");
          System.out.println(driver.getTitle());
          driver.quit();

    }

}

重要:PhantomJSDriver()仍然通过import org.openqa.selenium.phantomjs.PhantomJSDriver;

解决

控制台输出:

Apr 25, 2018 9:24:16 PM org.openqa.selenium.phantomjs.PhantomJSDriverService <init>
INFO: executable: C:\Utility\phantomjs-2.1.1-windows\bin\phantomjs.exe
Apr 25, 2018 9:24:16 PM org.openqa.selenium.phantomjs.PhantomJSDriverService <init>
INFO: port: 25078
Apr 25, 2018 9:24:16 PM org.openqa.selenium.phantomjs.PhantomJSDriverService <init>
INFO: arguments: [--webdriver=25078, --webdriver-logfile=C:\Users\AtechM_03\LearnAutmation\Java_PhantomJS\phantomjsdriver.log]
Apr 25, 2018 9:24:16 PM org.openqa.selenium.phantomjs.PhantomJSDriverService <init>
INFO: environment: {}
[INFO  - 2018-04-25T15:54:19.809Z] GhostDriver - Main - running on port 25078
[INFO  - 2018-04-25T15:54:20.263Z] Session [ea9746f0-48a0-11e8-8b6b-f78193ae50b0] - page.settings - {"XSSAuditingEnabled":false,"javascriptCanCloseWindows":true,"javascriptCanOpenWindows":true,"javascriptEnabled":true,"loadImages":true,"localToRemoteUrlAccessEnabled":false,"userAgent":"Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.2; WOW64) AppleWebKit/538.1 (KHTML, like Gecko) PhantomJS/2.1.1 Safari/538.1","webSecurityEnabled":true}
[INFO  - 2018-04-25T15:54:20.263Z] Session [ea9746f0-48a0-11e8-8b6b-f78193ae50b0] - page.customHeaders:  - {}
[INFO  - 2018-04-25T15:54:20.263Z] Session [ea9746f0-48a0-11e8-8b6b-f78193ae50b0] - Session.negotiatedCapabilities - {"browserName":"phantomjs","version":"2.1.1","driverName":"ghostdriver","driverVersion":"1.2.0","platform":"windows-8-32bit","javascriptEnabled":true,"takesScreenshot":true,"handlesAlerts":false,"databaseEnabled":false,"locationContextEnabled":false,"applicationCacheEnabled":false,"browserConnectionEnabled":false,"cssSelectorsEnabled":true,"webStorageEnabled":false,"rotatable":false,"acceptSslCerts":false,"nativeEvents":true,"proxy":{"proxyType":"direct"}}
[INFO  - 2018-04-25T15:54:20.264Z] SessionManagerReqHand - _postNewSessionCommand - New Session Created: ea9746f0-48a0-11e8-8b6b-f78193ae50b0
Apr 25, 2018 9:24:20 PM org.openqa.selenium.remote.ProtocolHandshake createSession
INFO: Detected dialect: OSS
Google
[INFO  - 2018-04-25T15:54:22.023Z] ShutdownReqHand - _handle - About to shutdown

在这里您可以找到关于 如何从另一个 jar 中解析我的类,该 jar 具有与另一个相同的结构

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