在R中抓取引用外部javascript脚本的Javascript渲染的网页[英] Scraping Javascript-rendered webpage that references external javascript scripts in R

问题描述

我正在尝试抓取此网页:https://www.mustardbet.com/sports/events/302698

由于网页似乎是动态呈现的,我正在关注本教程:https://www.datacamp.com/community/tutorials/scraping-javascript-generated-data-with-r#gs.dZEqev8

按照教程的建议,我使用以下代码保存了一个名为"scrape_mustard.js"的文件:

// scrape_mustard.js

var webPage = require('webpage');
var page = webPage.create();

var fs = require('fs');
var path = 'mustard.html'

page.open('https://www.mustardbet.com/sports/events/302698', function (status) {
  var content = page.content;
  fs.write(path,content,'w')
  phantom.exit();
});

然后,我执行

system("./phantomjs scrape_mustard.js")

但我得到了错误:

ReferenceError: Can't find variable: Set

  https://www.mustardbet.com/assets/js/index.dfd873fb.js:1
  https://www.mustardbet.com/assets/js/index.dfd873fb.js:1 in t
  https://www.mustardbet.com/assets/js/index.dfd873fb.js:1
  https://www.mustardbet.com/assets/js/index.dfd873fb.js:1 in t
  https://www.mustardbet.com/assets/js/index.dfd873fb.js:1
  https://www.mustardbet.com/assets/js/index.dfd873fb.js:1 in t
  https://www.mustardbet.com/assets/js/index.dfd873fb.js:1
  https://www.mustardbet.com/assets/js/index.dfd873fb.js:1 in t
  https://www.mustardbet.com/assets/js/index.dfd873fb.js:1

现在,当我粘贴"https://www.mustardbet.com/assets/js/index.dfd873fb.js" 进入我的浏览器我可以看到它是javascript,我可能需要要么(1) 将其保存为文件,或(2) 将其包含在 scrape_mustard.js 中.

但是如果 (1),我不知道如何引用该新文件,如果 (2),我不知道如何正确定义所有 javascript 以便可以使用它.

我是一个完全的javascript新手,但也许这个问题不是太难?

感谢您的帮助!

推荐答案

我能够使用 js 模块 puppeteer.js 进行抓取.

下载 node.js 这里.node.js 带有 npm ,它可以让您在安装模块时更轻松.您需要使用 npm 安装 puppeteer.

在 RStudio 中,确保在安装 puppeteer.js 时位于工作目录中.安装 node.js 后,执行(source):

system("npm i puppeteer")

scrape_mustard.js:

// load modules
const fs = require("fs");
const puppeteer = require("puppeteer");

// page url
url = "https://www.mustardbet.com/sports/events/302698";

scrape = async() => {
    const browser = await puppeteer.launch({headless: false}); // open browser
    const page = await browser.newPage(); // open new page
    await page.goto(url, {waitUntil: "networkidle2", timeout: 0}); // go to page
    await page.waitFor(5000); // give it time to load all the javascript rendered content
    const html = await page.content(); // copy page contents
    browser.close(); // close chromium
    return html // return html object
};

scrape().then((value) => {
    fs.writeFileSync("./stackoverflow/page.html", value) // write the object being returned by scrape()
});

在R中运行scrape_mustard.js:

library(magrittr)

system("node ./stackoverflow/scrape_mustard.js")

html <- xml2::read_html("./stackoverflow/page.html")

oddsMajor <- html %>% 
  rvest::html_nodes(".odds-major")

betNames <- html %>% 
  rvest::html_nodes("h3")

控制台输出:

{xml_nodeset (60)}
 [1] <span class="odds-major">2</span>
 [2] <span class="odds-major">14</span>
 [3] <span class="odds-major">15</span>
 [4] <span class="odds-major">16</span>
 [5] <span class="odds-major">17</span>
 [6] <span class="odds-major">23</span>
 [7] <span class="odds-major">25</span>
 [8] <span class="odds-major">32</span>
 [9] <span class="odds-major">33</span>
[10] <span class="odds-major">39</span>
[11] <span class="odds-major">47</span>
[12] <span class="odds-major">54</span>
[13] <span class="odds-major">55</span>
[14] <span class="odds-major">58</span>
[15] <span class="odds-major">58</span>
[16] <span class="odds-major">64</span>
[17] <span class="odds-major">73</span>
[18] <span class="odds-major">73</span>
[19] <span class="odds-major">92</span>
[20] <span class="odds-major">98</span>
...
> betNames
{xml_nodeset (60)}
 [1] <h3>Charles Howell III</h3>\n
 [2] <h3>Brian Harman</h3>\n
 [3] <h3>Austin Cook</h3>\n
 [4] <h3>J.J. Spaun</h3>\n
 [5] <h3>Webb Simpson</h3>\n
 [6] <h3>Cameron Champ</h3>\n
 [7] <h3>Peter Uihlein</h3>\n
 [8] <h3>Seung-Jae Im</h3>\n
 [9] <h3>Nick Watney</h3>\n
[10] <h3>Graeme McDowell</h3>\n
[11] <h3>Zach Johnson</h3>\n
[12] <h3>Lucas Glover</h3>\n
[13] <h3>Corey Conners</h3>\n
[14] <h3>Luke List</h3>\n
[15] <h3>David Hearn</h3>\n
[16] <h3>Adam Schenk</h3>\n
[17] <h3>Kevin Kisner</h3>\n
[18] <h3>Brian Gay</h3>\n
[19] <h3>Patton Kizzire</h3>\n
[20] <h3>Brice Garnett</h3>\n
...

我确信使用 phantomjs 可以做到这一点,但我发现 puppeteer 更容易抓取 javascript 呈现的网页.另请注意,phantomjs 已不再开发.

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