C插座:RECV并发送所有数据[英] C socket: recv and send all data

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问题描述

我想获得与此类似的行为:

  1. 服务器运行
  2. 客户端运行
  3. 客户端类型A命令诸如"帮助"或其他
  4. 服务器适当响应
  5. 转到3

问题是,当我的函数excmand(" help")运行时,只收到并打印了一点文本. 我的文本文件是:

COMMAND HELP:

help - Display help
quit - Shutdown client

仅打印命令帮助. 另一个问题是,当我键入命令时,没有打印任何内容,并在2个命令客户端退出之后. 这是特别的作品:

while (quit)
    {
        getLine("client> ", command, 10);
        if (strcmp(command, "quit") == 0)
            quit = 0;
        else
            excCommand(command);
    }

这是服务器:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include "common.h"

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    if (argc != 2)
        ErrorWithUserMessage("Parameter(s)", "<Server Port>");

    char *service = argv[1];

    int servSock = SetupTCPServerSocket(service);
    if (servSock < 0)
        ErrorWithUserMessage("SetupTCPServerSocket() failed: ", "unable to establish");

    unsigned int childProcessCount = 0;
    while (1)
    {
        int clntSock = AcceptTCPConnection(servSock);

        pid_t processID = fork();
        if (processID < 0)
            ErrorWithSystemMessage("fork() failed");
        else if (processID == 0)
        {
            close(servSock);
            HandleTCPClient(clntSock);
            exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
        }

        printf("with child process: %d\n", processID);
        close(clntSock);
        childProcessCount++;

        //clean up zombies
        while (childProcessCount)
        {
            processID = waitpid((pid_t) - 1, NULL, WNOHANG);
            if (processID < 0)
                ErrorWithSystemMessage("waitpid() failed");
            else if (processID == 0)
                break;
            else
                childProcessCount--;
        }

    }

}

处理程序:

void HandleTCPClient(int clntSock)
{
    char buffer[BUFSIZE];
    ssize_t numBytesRcvd = recv(clntSock, buffer, BUFSIZE, 0);
    buffer[numBytesRcvd] = '\0';
    if (numBytesRcvd < 0)
        ErrorWithSystemMessage("recv() failed");
    if (strcmp(buffer, "help") == 0)
    {
        FILE *fp = fopen("help.txt", "r");
        if (fp)
        {
            char line[128];
            while (fgets(line, sizeof(line), fp) != NULL)
            {
                if (send(clntSock, line, sizeof(line), 0) < 0)
                    ErrorWithSystemMessage("send() failed");
            }
            fclose(fp);
        }
    }

    close(clntSock);
}

这是我的客户:

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

#include "common.h"

int sock;

void getLine(char *message, char *buf, int maxLen)
{
    printf("%s", message);
    fgets(buf, maxLen, stdin);
    buf[strlen(buf) - 1] = 0;
}

void excCommand(char *command)
{
    if ( send(sock, command, strlen(command), 0) < 0)
        ErrorWithSystemMessage("send() failed");

    char replyMessage[BUFSIZE];
    ssize_t numBytesRecv = 0;
    do
    {
        numBytesRecv = recv(sock, replyMessage, BUFSIZE, 0);
        if ( numBytesRecv < 0)
            ErrorWithSystemMessage("recv() failed");
        printf("%s\n", replyMessage);
        memset(&replyMessage, 0, sizeof(replyMessage));

    }
    while (numBytesRecv > 0);
}

void PrintFile(const char *filename)
{
    FILE *fp;
    fp = fopen(filename, "r");
    if (fp)
    {
        char line[128];
        while (fgets(line, sizeof(line), fp) != NULL)
            fputs(line, stdout);
        fputs("\n", stdout);
        fclose(fp);
    }
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    int quit = 1;
    char command[10];

    if (argc < 2 || argc > 3)
    {
        ErrorWithUserMessage("Parameter(s)", "<Server Address> <Server Port>");
    }

    char *server = argv[1];
    char *service = argv[2];

    sock = SetupTCPClientSocket(server, service);
    if (sock < 0)
        ErrorWithUserMessage("SetupTCPClientSocket() failed: ", "unable to connect");

    printf("Connection established!\n\n");

    PrintFile("menu.txt");
    excCommand("help");

    while (quit)
    {
        getLine("client> ", command, 10);
        if (strcmp(command, "quit") == 0)
            quit = 0;
        else
            excCommand(command);
    }

    fputs("\n", stdout);
    close(sock);
    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}

很抱歉很长

推荐答案

recv()和send()函数不能保证发送/recv所有数据(请参阅 man recv man send )

)

您需要实现自己的send_all()和recv_all(),类似

bool send_all(int socket, void *buffer, size_t length)
{
    char *ptr = (char*) buffer;
    while (length > 0)
    {
        int i = send(socket, ptr, length);
        if (i < 1) return false;
        ptr += i;
        length -= i;
    }
    return true;
}

以下指南可以帮助您 Beej的网络编程指南

其他推荐答案

通常的问题.

void excCommand(char *command)
{
    if ( send(sock, command, strlen(command), 0) < 0)
        ErrorWithSystemMessage("send() failed");

    char replyMessage[BUFSIZE];
    ssize_t numBytesRecv = 0;
    do
    {
        numBytesRecv = recv(sock, replyMessage, BUFSIZE, 0);
        if ( numBytesRecv < 0)
            ErrorWithSystemMessage("recv() failed");
        printf("%s\n", replyMessage);

无效. numBytesRecv可能是零,在这种情况下根本没有消息,否则此时必须是正面的,因为您已经对负面进行了测试,并且表明消息的​​实际长度不一定是无效终止.更改为:

    if (numBytesRecv == 0)
        break;
    printf("%.*s\n", numBytesRecv, replyMessage);

,然后:

        memset(&replyMessage, 0, sizeof(replyMessage));

毫无意义.删除.

    }
    while (numBytesRecv > 0);

此时,您应该检查numBytesRecv < 0并致电perror()或它的一个朋友.

其他推荐答案

我选择在每个发送()是否需要之前选择发送.

.

所以我首先有3个定义

#define BUFFSIZE 1024
#define CONT "CONT"
#define DONE "DONE"

然后发送我的数据

int     send_to_socket(int sock, char *msg)
{
    size_t  len;
    int     ret[2];

    len = strlen(msg);
    ret[0] = send(sock, (len <= BUFFSIZE) ? DONE : CONT, 4, 0);
    ret[1] = send(sock, msg, BUFFSIZE, 0);
    if (ret[0] <= 0 || ret[1] <= 0)
    {
        perror("send_to_socket");
        return (-1);
    }
    if (len > BUFFSIZE)
        return (send_to_socket(sock, msg + BUFFSIZE));
    return (1);
}

并接收它:

char    *recv_from_socket(int cs)
{
    char    state[5];
    char    buff[BUFFSIZE+1];
    char    *msg;
    int     ret[2];

    msg = NULL;
    while (42)
    {
        bzero(state, 5);
        bzero(buff, BUFFSIZE+1);
        ret[0] = recv(cs, state, 4, 0);
        ret[1] = recv(cs, buff, BUFFSIZE, 0);
        if (ret[0] <= 0 || ret[1] <= 0)
        {
            perror("recv_from_socket");
            return (NULL);
        }
        // strfljoin() is selfmade
        // join the string and free the left argument to prevent memory leaks.
        // return fresh new string
        msg = (msg) ? ft_strfljoin(msg, buff) : strdup(buff);
        if (strncmp(state, DONE, 4) == 0)
            break ;
        i++;
    }
    return (msg);
}

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