"rmagick "宝石的安装问题[英] "rmagick" gem installation issue

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问题描述

我在尝试在 centos安装"rmagick"gem 时遇到问题.以下是我的输出.谁能帮我确定我缺少什么包?我已经安装了所有提到的另一个堆栈溢出线程:RMagick install error

Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
ERROR:  Error installing rmagick:
    ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

        /usr/local/bin/ruby extconf.rb
checking for Ruby version >= 1.8.5... yes
checking for gcc... yes
checking for Magick-config... yes
checking for ImageMagick version >= 6.4.9... yes
checking for HDRI disabled version of ImageMagick... yes
Package MagickCore was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `MagickCore.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'MagickCore' found
Package MagickCore was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `MagickCore.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'MagickCore' found
Package MagickCore was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `MagickCore.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'MagickCore' found
Package MagickCore was not found in the pkg-config search path.
Perhaps you should add the directory containing `MagickCore.pc'
to the PKG_CONFIG_PATH environment variable
No package 'MagickCore' found
checking for stdint.h... yes
checking for sys/types.h... yes
checking for wand/MagickWand.h... no

Can't install RMagick 2.13.2. Can't find MagickWand.h.
*** extconf.rb failed ***
Could not create Makefile due to some reason, probably lack of
necessary libraries and/or headers.  Check the mkmf.log file for more
details.  You may need configuration options.

Provided configuration options:
    --with-opt-dir
    --without-opt-dir
    --with-opt-include
    --without-opt-include=${opt-dir}/include
    --with-opt-lib
    --without-opt-lib=${opt-dir}/lib
    --with-make-prog
    --without-make-prog
    --srcdir=.
    --curdir
    --ruby=/usr/local/bin/ruby


Gem files will remain installed in /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/rmagick-2.13.2 for inspection.
Results logged to /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/rmagick-2.13.2/ext/RMagick/gem_make.out

根据以下建议,现在我得到了这个输出:

Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
ERROR:  Error installing rmagick:
    ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

        /usr/local/bin/ruby extconf.rb
checking for Ruby version >= 1.8.5... yes
checking for gcc... yes
checking for Magick-config... yes
checking for ImageMagick version >= 6.4.9... yes
checking for HDRI disabled version of ImageMagick... yes
checking for stdint.h... *** extconf.rb failed ***
Could not create Makefile due to some reason, probably lack of
necessary libraries and/or headers.  Check the mkmf.log file for more
details.  You may need configuration options.

Provided configuration options:
    --with-opt-dir
    --without-opt-dir
    --with-opt-include
    --without-opt-include=${opt-dir}/include
    --with-opt-lib
    --without-opt-lib=${opt-dir}/lib
    --with-make-prog
    --without-make-prog
    --srcdir=.
    --curdir
    --ruby=/usr/local/bin/ruby
/usr/local/lib/ruby/1.9.1/mkmf.rb:381:in `try_do': The compiler failed to generate an executable file. (RuntimeError)
You have to install development tools first.
    from /usr/local/lib/ruby/1.9.1/mkmf.rb:506:in `try_cpp'
    from /usr/local/lib/ruby/1.9.1/mkmf.rb:931:in `block in have_header'
    from /usr/local/lib/ruby/1.9.1/mkmf.rb:790:in `block in checking_for'
    from /usr/local/lib/ruby/1.9.1/mkmf.rb:284:in `block (2 levels) in postpone'
    from /usr/local/lib/ruby/1.9.1/mkmf.rb:254:in `open'
    from /usr/local/lib/ruby/1.9.1/mkmf.rb:284:in `block in postpone'
    from /usr/local/lib/ruby/1.9.1/mkmf.rb:254:in `open'
    from /usr/local/lib/ruby/1.9.1/mkmf.rb:280:in `postpone'
    from /usr/local/lib/ruby/1.9.1/mkmf.rb:789:in `checking_for'
    from /usr/local/lib/ruby/1.9.1/mkmf.rb:930:in `have_header'
    from extconf.rb:194:in `<main>'


Gem files will remain installed in /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/rmagick-2.13.2 for inspection.
Results logged to /usr/local/lib/ruby/gems/1.9.1/gems/rmagick-2.13.2/ext/RMagick/gem_make.out

mkmf.log 的输出:

checking for HDRI disabled version of ImageMagick... -------------------- yes

--------------------

"gcc -o conftest -I/usr/local/include/ruby-1.9.1/x86_64-linux -I/usr/local/include/ruby-1.9.1/ruby/backward -I/usr/local/include/ruby-1.9.1 -I.  -fopenmp -DMAGICKCORE_HDRI_ENABLE=0 -DMAGICKCORE_QUANTUM_DEPTH=16 -I/usr/include/ImageMagick-6    -fopenmp -DMAGICKCORE_HDRI_ENABLE=0 -DMAGICKCORE_QUANTUM_DEPTH=16 -I/usr/include/ImageMagick-6   conftest.c  -L. -L/usr/local/lib -Wl,-R/usr/local/lib  -L/usr/lib -lMagickCore-6.Q16      -L/usr/lib -lMagickCore-6.Q16    -Wl,-R -Wl,/usr/local/lib -L/usr/local/lib -lruby-static  -lpthread -lrt -ldl -lcrypt -lm   -lc"
/usr/bin/ld: skipping incompatible /usr/lib/libMagickCore-6.Q16.so when searching for -lMagickCore-6.Q16
/usr/bin/ld: skipping incompatible /usr/lib/libMagickCore-6.Q16.so when searching for -lMagickCore-6.Q16
/usr/bin/ld: skipping incompatible /usr/lib/libMagickCore-6.Q16.so when searching for -lMagickCore-6.Q16
/usr/bin/ld: cannot find -lMagickCore-6.Q16
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
checked program was:
/* begin */
1: #include "ruby.h"

gem_make.out 的输出与上面的终端输出相同.

推荐答案

尝试安装

  sudo apt-get install libmagickwand-dev imagemagick

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