捆绑安装:错误:无法构建GEM本机扩展名. nio4r gem[英] Bundle install: ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension. nio4r gem

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问题描述

我目前正在使用以下项目:

  • RVM 1.26.11
  • Ruby 2.2.1p85

我试图运行bundle install,但不断收到以下错误:

Gem::Ext::BuildError: ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

,遵循:

An error occurred while installing nio4r (1.0.0), and Bundler cannot continue.
Make sure that `gem install nio4r -v '1.0.0'` succeeds before bundling.

当我尝试运行gem install nio4r -v '1.0.0':

Building native extensions.  This could take a while...
ERROR: Error installing nio4r:
ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

当我尝试运行bundle update:

Please make sure you have the correct access rights
and the repository exists.
Retrying git clone 'git@github.com:kshmir/requirejs-rails.git' ....*

Git error: command `git clone 'git@github.com:kshmir/requirejs-rails.git'....  has failed

当我尝试运行bundle update nio4r:

Gem::Ext::BuildError: ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension....
An error occurred while installing eventmachine (1.0.3), and Bundler cannot continue.
Make sure that `gem install eventmachine -v '1.0.3'` succeeds before bundling.

我也尝试了这个命令,没有结果.

我也尝试了更换ruby版本:

rvm use 2.2.1 2.2.0 2.0.0并运行上面的命令,但它不会改变任何

编辑:

运行bundle install log:

Fetching gem metadata from rubygems....... Fetching version metadata from rubygems... Fetching dependency metadata from rubygems.. Using rake 10.2.2 Using i18n
0.7.0 Using multi_json 1.11.0 Using activesupport 3.2.17 Using builder 3.0.4 Using activemodel 3.2.17 Using erubis 2.7.0 Using journey 1.0.4 Using rack 1.4.5 Using rack-cache 1.2 Using rack-test 0.6.2 Using hike
1.2.3 Using tilt 1.4.1 Using sprockets 2.2.2 Using actionpack 3.2.17 Using mime-types 1.25.1 Using polyglot 0.3.4 Using treetop 1.4.15 Using mail 2.5.4 Using actionmailer 3.2.17 Using arbre 1.0.1 Using sass 3.2.19 Using thor 0.19.1 Using bourbon 3.1.8 Using bcrypt 3.1.7 Using bcrypt-ruby 3.1.5 Using orm_adapter 0.5.0 Using rack-ssl 1.3.4 Using json 1.8.1 Using rdoc 3.12.2 Using railties 3.2.17 Using atomic
1.1.15 Using thread_safe 0.2.0 Using warden 1.2.3 Using devise 3.2.3 Using formtastic 2.2.1 Using has_scope 0.6.0.rc Using responders 1.0.0 Using inherited_resources 1.4.1 Using jquery-rails 2.3.0 Using kaminari 0.15.1 Using arel 3.0.3 Using tzinfo 0.3.39 Using activerecord 3.2.17 Using polyamorous 0.5.0 Using meta_search 1.1.3 Using activeresource 3.2.17 Using bundler 1.8.4 Using rails 3.2.17 Using activeadmin 0.6.2 Using rgeo 0.3.20 Using rgeo-activerecord
0.5.0 Using activerecord-postgis-adapter 0.6.5 Using addressable 2.3.5 Using airbrake 3.1.16 Using descendants_tracker 0.0.3 Using ice_nine
0.11.0 Using axiom-types 0.0.5 Using coderay 1.1.0 Using better_errors 1.1.0 Using debug_inspector 0.0.2 Using binding_of_caller 0.7.2 Using bootstrap-datepicker-rails 1.1.1.8 Using bootstrap-sass 3.1.1.0 Using browser 0.8.0 Using columnize 0.3.6 Using debugger-linecache 1.2.0 Using byebug 2.7.0 Using cancan 1.6.10 Using highline 1.6.21 Using net-ssh 2.8.0 Using net-scp 1.1.2 Using net-sftp 2.1.2 Using net-ssh-gateway 1.2.0 Using capistrano 2.15.5 Using mini_portile 0.5.2 Using nokogiri 1.6.1 Using ffi 1.9.3 Using childprocess 0.5.1 Using rubyzip 1.1.0 Using websocket 1.0.7 Using selenium-webdriver 2.40.0 Using xpath 1.0.0 Using capybara 2.0.2 Using carrierwave 0.10.0 Using carrierwave_backgrounder 0.3.0 Using hitimes 1.2.2 Using timers 4.0.1 Using celluloid 0.16.0

Gem::Ext::BuildError: ERROR: Failed to build gem native extension.

    /home/adrian/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.2.1/bin/ruby -r ./siteconf20150424-28432-11y95op.rb extconf.rb  checking for rb_thread_blocking_region()... no checking for sys/select.h... yes checking for poll.h... yes checking for sys/epoll.h... yes checking for sys/event.h... no checking for port.h... no checking for sys/resource.h... yes creating Makefile

make "DESTDIR=" clean

make "DESTDIR=" compiling selector.c In file included from nio4r.h:10:0,
                 from selector.c:6: /home/adrian/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.2.1/include/ruby-2.2.0/ruby/backward/rubyio.h:2:2: warning: #warning use "ruby/io.h" instead of "rubyio.h" [-Wcpp] 
#warning use "ruby/io.h" instead of "rubyio.h"   ^ In file included from selector.c:7:0: /home/adrian/.rvm/rubies/ruby-2.2.1/include/ruby-2.2.0/ruby/backward/rubysig.h:14:2: warning: #warning rubysig.h is obsolete [-Wcpp]  #warning rubysig.h is obsolete   ^ selector.c: In function ‘NIO_Selector_allocate’: selector.c:94:5: warning: dereferencing type-punned pointer will break strict-aliasing rules [-Wstrict-aliasing]
     ev_init(&selector->timer, NIO_Selector_timeout_callback);
     ^ selector.c:94:5: warning: dereferencing type-punned pointer will break strict-aliasing rules [-Wstrict-aliasing] selector.c:94:5: warning: dereferencing type-punned pointer will break strict-aliasing rules [-Wstrict-aliasing] selector.c:99:5: warning: dereferencing type-punned pointer will break strict-aliasing rules [-Wstrict-aliasing]
     ev_io_init(&selector->wakeup, NIO_Selector_wakeup_callback, selector->wakeup_reader, EV_READ);
     ^ selector.c:99:5: warning: dereferencing type-punned pointer will break strict-aliasing rules [-Wstrict-aliasing] selector.c:99:5: warning: dereferencing type-punned pointer will break strict-aliasing rules [-Wstrict-aliasing] selector.c: In function ‘NIO_Selector_synchronize’: selector.c:159:11: warning: variable ‘current_thread’ set but not used [-Wunused-but-set-variable]
     VALUE current_thread, lock_holder, lock;
           ^ selector.c: In function ‘NIO_Selector_deregister_synchronized’: selector.c:241:11: warning: unused variable ‘monitor_args’ [-Wunused-variable]
     VALUE monitor_args[3];
           ^ selector.c:240:21: warning: unused variable ‘interests’ [-Wunused-variable]
     VALUE self, io, interests, selectables, monitor;
                     ^ selector.c: In function ‘NIO_Selector_select’: selector.c:268:20: warning: unused variable ‘array’ [-Wunused-variable]
     VALUE timeout, array;
                    ^ selector.c: In function ‘NIO_Selector_select_synchronized’: selector.c:286:9: warning: unused variable ‘i’ [-Wunused-variable]
     int i, ready;
         ^ selector.c: In function ‘NIO_Selector_run’: selector.c:326:5: warning: ISO C90 forbids mixed declarations and code [-Wdeclaration-after-statement]
     ev_tstamp started_at = ev_now(selector->ev_loop);
     ^ selector.c:341:9: error: ‘TRAP_BEG’ undeclared (first use in this function)
         TRAP_BEG;
         ^ selector.c:341:9: note: each undeclared identifier is reported only once for each function it appears in selector.c:343:9: error: ‘TRAP_END’ undeclared (first use in this function)
         TRAP_END;
         ^ selector.c:347:9: warning: dereferencing type-punned pointer will break strict-aliasing rules [-Wstrict-aliasing]
         ev_timer_init(&selector->timer, NIO_Selector_timeout_callback, BUSYWAIT_INTERVAL, BUSYWAIT_INTERVAL);
         ^ selector.c:347:9: warning: dereferencing type-punned pointer will break strict-aliasing rules [-Wstrict-aliasing] selector.c:347:9: warning: dereferencing type-punned pointer will break strict-aliasing rules [-Wstrict-aliasing] selector.c:347:9: warning: dereferencing type-punned pointer will break strict-aliasing rules [-Wstrict-aliasing] selector.c: In function ‘NIO_Selector_close’: selector.c:391:5: warning: passing argument 2 of ‘NIO_Selector_synchronize’ from incompatible pointer type [enabled by default]
     return NIO_Selector_synchronize(self, NIO_Selector_close_synchronized, self);
     ^ selector.c:157:14: note: expected ‘VALUE (*)(VALUE *)’ but argument is of type ‘VALUE (*)(VALUE)’  static VALUE NIO_Selector_synchronize(VALUE self, VALUE (*func)(VALUE *args), VALUE
*args)
              ^ selector.c:391:5: warning: passing argument 3 of ‘NIO_Selector_synchronize’ makes pointer from integer without a cast [enabled by default]
     return NIO_Selector_synchronize(self, NIO_Selector_close_synchronized, self);
     ^ selector.c:157:14: note: expected ‘VALUE *’ but argument is of type ‘VALUE’  static VALUE NIO_Selector_synchronize(VALUE self, VALUE (*func)(VALUE *args), VALUE *args)
              ^ selector.c: In function ‘NIO_Selector_closed’: selector.c:407:5: warning: passing argument 2 of ‘NIO_Selector_synchronize’ from incompatible pointer type [enabled by default]
     return NIO_Selector_synchronize(self, NIO_Selector_closed_synchronized, self);
     ^ selector.c:157:14: note: expected ‘VALUE (*)(VALUE *)’ but argument is of type ‘VALUE (*)(VALUE)’  static VALUE NIO_Selector_synchronize(VALUE self, VALUE (*func)(VALUE *args), VALUE
*args)
              ^ selector.c:407:5: warning: passing argument 3 of ‘NIO_Selector_synchronize’ makes pointer from integer without a cast [enabled by default]
     return NIO_Selector_synchronize(self, NIO_Selector_closed_synchronized, self);
     ^ selector.c:157:14: note: expected ‘VALUE *’ but argument is of type ‘VALUE’  static VALUE NIO_Selector_synchronize(VALUE self, VALUE (*func)(VALUE *args), VALUE *args)
              ^ selector.c: In function ‘NIO_Selector_wakeup’: selector.c:384:10: warning: ignoring return value of ‘write’, declared with attribute warn_unused_result [-Wunused-result]
     write(selector->wakeup_writer, "\0", 1);
          ^ make: *** [selector.o] Error 1

make failed, exit code 2

Gem files will remain installed in /home/adrian/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.2.1/gems/nio4r-1.0.0 for inspection. Results logged to /home/adrian/.rvm/gems/ruby-2.2.1/extensions/x86_64-linux/2.2.0/nio4r-1.0.0/gem_make.out An error occurred while installing nio4r (1.0.0), and Bundler cannot continue. Make sure that `gem install nio4r -v '1.0.0'` succeeds before bundling.

推荐答案

我解决了:

sudo apt-get install libmysqlclient-dev
sudo apt-get install libpq-dev
sudo apt-get install libsqlite3-dev
sudo apt-get install libev-dev
rvm use 2.0.0
Reboot pc

如果我运行rails -v显示我:

  • Rails 3.2.17

现在我可以制作Bundle install

我认为铁路版本在冲突中.我不知道为什么,也许任何人都可以解释我.

其他推荐答案

如果您在Mac OSX上上面的版本10.11.x上工作,则以下方法为ME工作:

gem install nio4r -v '1.1.0' -- with-cflags="-std=c99"

其他推荐答案

bundle config build.nio4r --with-cflags="-std=c99"
bundle install

为我工作

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