什么是Ruby中的"$:"?[英] what is "$:" in ruby?

本文是小编为大家收集整理的关于什么是Ruby中的"$:"?的处理方法,想解了什么是Ruby中的"$:"?的问题怎么解决?什么是Ruby中的"$:"?问题的解决办法?那么可以参考本文帮助大家快速定位并解决问题。

问题描述

通常在.gemspec文件中看到.例如. i18n.gemspec .

$: << File.expand_path('../lib', __FILE__)

推荐答案

Pre-defined variables
$!         The exception information message set by 'raise'.
$@         Array of backtrace of the last exception thrown.
$&         The string matched by the last successful match.
$`         The string to the left  of the last successful match.
$'         The string to the right of the last successful match.
$+         The highest group matched by the last successful match.
$1         The Nth group of the last successful match. May be > 1.
$~         The information about the last match in the current scope.
$=         The flag for case insensitive, nil by default.
$/         The input record separator, newline by default.
$\         The output record separator for the print and IO#write. Default is nil.
$,         The output field separator for the print and Array#join.
$;         The default separator for String#split.
$.         The current input line number of the last file that was read.
$<         The virtual concatenation file of the files given on command line (or from $stdin if no files were given).
$>         The default output for print, printf. $stdout by default.
$_         The last input line of string by gets or readline.
$0         Contains the name of the script being executed. May be assignable.
$*         Command line arguments given for the script sans args.
$$         The process number of the Ruby running this script.
$?         The status of the last executed child process.
$:         Load path for scripts and binary modules by load or require.
$"         The array contains the module names loaded by require.
$DEBUG     The status of the -d switch.
$FILENAME  Current input file from $<. Same as $<.filename.
$LOAD_PATH The alias to the $:.
$stderr    The current standard error output.
$stdin     The current standard input.
$stdout    The current standard output.
$VERBOSE   The verbose flag, which is set by the -v switch.
$-0        The alias to $/.
$-a        True if option -a is set. Read-only variable.
$-d        The alias to $DEBUG.
$-F        The alias to $;.
$-i        In in-place-edit mode, this variable holds the extension, otherwise nil.
$-I        The alias to $:.
$-l        True if option -l is set. Read-only variable.
$-p        True if option -p is set. Read-only variable.
$-v        The alias to $VERBOSE.
$    -w        True if option -w is set.

上面的快捷方式是不幸的过时!其中一些可用的"英语名称",它们是不言自明的,如果有的话,应使用.

另请参阅: https://docs.ruby-luby-lang.org/en/2.4.0/globals_rdoc.html

其他推荐答案

$:是负载路径,$LOAD_PATH是其别名.当您在Ruby应用程序中load/require库/文件时,Ruby在$:中列出的目录中搜索.使用$: << File.expand_path('../lib', __FILE__)您将特定目录添加到负载路径.

其他推荐答案

$:等于$LOAD_PATH,即您可以从无需提供更具体路径的目录列表.您会发现 Ruby QuickRef 对您可能遇到的其他预定义变量有用.

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